The term ‘water source‘ refers to any point from which natural or human supplies of water are derived. Usually, groundwater is the most common and accessible source of water. This is because groundwater occurs naturally at many locations around the world. Groundwater is generally potable and suitable for domestic use or another general utility purpose.
The problem of contaminated wastewaters has also made it extremely problematic for water supply systems. Contaminated wastewater contains toxic chemicals that can endanger the existence of various aquatic life forms. In fact, these chemicals are carcinogenic, teratogenic, or reproductive toxins that can cause serious health disorders among inhabitants. Many of the water sources that contribute to contaminated wastewaters are not subject to any kind of environmental protection. They are not treated or cleaned for preventing contamination or disposal.
Sewage Treatment Plants
These water supply plants treat the wastewaters and ensure clean drinking water. There are two types of sewage treatment plants namely surface water treatment plants and subsurface water treatment plants. You can see both of them in most cities. The water from a surface water plant runs off into the sewerage system and the treated sewage flows out into the subsurface water system. The wastewater from the subsurface water system is then treated and stored for reuse or distribution.
Use of recycled water
This recycled wastewater can be used in different applications such as agriculture, industry, household, etc. Recycling the water supply system will definitely help in preserving the ecological balance and therefore will be of benefit to all living on this planet. The biggest advantage of recycling is that the same water is reused many times making a large volume of recycled water.
Gray water reuse
Another beneficial means of recycling would be to make use of gray water reuse. This is considered to be one of the best methods for treating industrial waste and thus can reduce the burden on the water supply system. If you want to take further initiatives and improve the water supply network, you can make use of the various methods advocated by agencies like Environment Canada and World Wide Fund for Nature to treat your industrial waste.